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2019考研英语(二)大作文终极预测(下)(建议英语一考生参考)

王江涛 2019-06-15 06:40:20

本文内容摘自《2019考研英语高分写作》,王江涛编著,群言出版社,2018年3月。个人资料,仅供参考。转载请注明出处!


教育文化类:职业选择


Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart in your writing, you should

1)interpret the chart, and

2)give your comments

You should write about 150 words.


 预测范文 

The column chart above reflects what the college graduates plan to do after graduation. As can be seen from the diagram, 35.20% of graduates plan to take the test for civil servants, and 31.90% of them plan to take the test for graduate students, both accounting for approximately a third of total.

When making this decision, students should consider a variety of factors, including their career plans, financial status and personal preferences. The first factor that undergraduate students should consider when deciding between postgraduate studies and work is their intended career. Students should do the necessary research to find out whether, and to what extent, job prospects for their intended line of work would improve with a postgraduate education. The second factor that students deciding between postgraduate education and employment should take into account is their financial situation. Scholarships, bursaries and loans may be available to some students, and these should also be taken into consideration when assessing one’s ability to bear the costs of graduate studies. The final factor that undergraduate students should consider when deliberating between work and further education is their own personal preferences. These individual preferences should be given due consideration as students approach the end of their undergraduate education.

Generally speaking, by taking career goals, financial status and personal preferences into consideration, students can improve their chances of making an optimal choice.


参考译文

上述柱状图揭示了大学毕业生毕业之后打算做什么。如图表所示,35.20%的毕业生计划考公务员,31.90%的毕业生计划考研或考博,都占了总数大约三分之一。

在做决定的时候,学生应该考虑很多因素,包括职业计划、经济状况以及个人偏好。大学生在考虑读研还是工作时,第一个要考虑的就是自己期望的职业。大学生应该详细调查一下研究生学历能否及能在多大程度上有助于自己预期行业的职业发展。大学生在决定要读研还是工作时,第二个要考虑的因素就是自己的经济条件。有些学生可以申请奖学金、助学金以及贷款,在衡量自己是否有能力支付学费时,这些也可以考虑进去。大学生在读研还是工作两者之间权衡所需要考虑的最后一个因素就是自己的个人偏好。大学生们在毕业之际要适当考虑个人的喜好。

大学生综合考虑职业目标、经济状况及个人的偏好,就更有可能做出最优选择。


亮点词汇

column chart柱状图 reflect揭示 college graduate大学毕业生 plan to计划 graduation毕业 diagram图表 take the test参加考试 civil servant公务员 account for占······比例 approximately大约 a third三分之一 total 总数 make decision做决定 consider考虑 a variety of很多 factor因素 include包括 career plan职业计划 personal preference个人偏好 undergraduate student大学生 consider考虑 decide决定 postgraduate study研究生学习 intended career预期职业 necessary必要的 research研究find out发现 whether是否 to what extent在多大程度上 job prospect工作前景 line of work行业 improve有助于 postgraduate education研究生教育employment工作 take into account考虑 financial situation经济状况 scholarship奖学金 bursary助学金 loan贷款 available可获得的 take into consideration考虑assess评估 bear负担 cost费用 deliberate考虑 personal preference个人偏好 individual个人的give due consideration给予充分考虑 approach接近 career goal职业目标 optimal最佳的 choice选择


道长点评

考研写作已经四次考察“教育”这一话题,分别是2006年MBA写作真题“全国工程硕士招生录取人数”、2008年MBA写作真题“成人高考”、2013年英语(一)大作文“大学毕业生毕业选择”以及2013年英语(二)大作文“某高校学生的兼职情况)。


 经典句型 

1
Provided the obsession to obtain a graduate degree is done for the right reasons it will prove beneficial to the student.只要学生想获得学位的目的单纯,那考研对它们来说就是有益的。
2
Many employers do require job applicants to have academic degrees which can help the candidates as long as they are relevant to the position.很多雇主要求应聘者拥有跟工作职位相关的学位。
3
As long as the graduate mania results in a student getting a degree compatible with their future career plans, the time is well spent.只要考研热能使学生把研究生期间所学的专业和将来的职业规划挂起钩来,那攻读硕士的时光就没有虚度。



社会热点类:老龄化

Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart in your writing, you should

interpret the chart, and

give your comments

You should write about 150 words.



 预测范文 

As can be seen from the bar chart above, the population aging over 60 years old in China has increased markedly from 2000 to 2050. From the statistics given in the diagram, we estimate that there were 120 million aged people in 2000, accounting for about 10% of the total population, while it will shoot up to 450 million in 2050, approximately 35% of the total.

From my point of view, the government, the society and the children of the old all should care the old rather than one or two parties. How well we handle this social issue reflects the civilization of our country. To begin with, all citizens pay taxes to the government, so the authority is obliged to ensure a stable and happy rest life of its people. In addition, the society including companies, associations and organizations should play a positive role in helping aged people, both financially and spiritually. Last but not least, the children of the elderly should be responsible for their parents, because parents not only bring them to the world, but also raise them to be a useful citizen.

In conclusion, I suggest that the whole society should create an environment conducive to the rest life of the old. No one can escape the obligation.


参考译文

如上述柱状图所示,中国60岁以上人口从2000年至2050年继续上升。从图表中给出的数据,我们可以看出在2000年60岁以上人口是1.2亿,占总人口大约10%,而到2050年老年人将达到4.5亿,占总人口大约35%。

在我看来,政府、社会和儿女三方都应该照顾老年人,而不只是一方或两方。我们如何处理这个社会问题反映了我们国家的文明程度。首先,所有市民都给政府交税,因此政府必须确保其人民拥有稳定幸福的生活。其次,包括公司、团体和组织在内的整个社会都应该从经济和精神上在帮助老年人方面发挥积极作用。最后,由于父母不仅把子女带到世界,也把他们培养成有用的公民,老人的子女应该对其父母负责。

总之,我认为整个社会应该为老年人的余生创造一个有益的环境。没人能够逃避责任。


亮点词汇

bar chart柱状图 population人口over超过 markedly急剧地 statistics数据 diagram图表 estimate估计 million百万 shoot up急剧增加 approximately大约 care关心 rather而不是 party方面 handle处理 issue问题 reflect反映 civilization文明 to begin with首先 citizen市民 tax authority政府 be obliged to必须 ensure确保 stable稳定的 rest life余生 in addition其次 company公司 association团体 organization组织 aged people老年人 financially经济上 spiritually精神上 last but not least最后 the elderly老年人 raise抚养 in conclusion总之 create创造 conducive to 有益的 obligation责任


道长点评

考研写作已经四次考察“两代关系”这一话题,分别是1992年“For the Better Understanding of Parents and Child”(父母和子女之间更好的沟通)、2003年“温室花朵经不起风雨”(父母溺爱子女)、2005年“养老足球赛”2014年英语(一)“相携”(尊老爱幼)。


 经典句型 

1
It is necessary for the department concerned to organize various activities to enrich the life of its senior citizens and promote the public awareness of respecting the old.相关部门必须组织丰富多彩的活动来丰富老年人的生活并提高公众的尊老意识。
2
The successful handling of this issue is of great importance to the stability of a society and the cohesion of a nation, because it enables young people to foresee their future.顺利解决好老人问题对社会稳定具有重要作用,同时可增强国家凝聚力,让年轻人能看到他们的未来。
3
They are duty-bound to show their filial piety to their aged parents, because their parents have spared no efforts and endured all kinds of hardships to bring them up. 由于父母含辛茹苦把他们抚养大,他们有义务孝敬老人。





● 2019考研英语(一)小作文终极预测(上)

● 2019考研英语(一)小作文终极预测(中)

● 2019考研英语(一)小作文终极预测(下)

● 2019考研英语(一)大作文终极预测(上)

● 2019考研英语(一)大作文终极预测(中)

● 2019考研英语(一)大作文终极预测(下)

● 2019考研英语(二)小作文终极预测(上)

● 2019考研英语(二)小作文终极预测(中)

 2019考研英语(二)小作文终极预测(下)

● 2019考研英语(二)大作文终极预测(上)

● 2019考研英语(二)大作文终极预测(中)

● 考研英语写作提分佳句(一)

● 考研英语写作提分佳句(二)

● 考研英语写作提分佳句(三)

● 考研英语写作提分佳句(四)


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